Law is a set of rules and principles that govern the way people act in a society. It covers a wide range of areas including crime, trade, social relations, property, finance and more.
Law can keep peace and maintain the status quo, preserve individual rights, protect minorities against majorities, promote social justice and provide for orderly social change. However, some legal systems serve these functions better than others.
Definition of Law
A legal system is a set of rules and principles that bind citizens in a country and that are enforced by a government. It may consist of written or unwritten laws that are based on universally accepted standards.
The legal system in a country is made up of its constitution, legislation and regulations. Generally, laws are made by the governing authority and then enforced by courts and other agencies.
Depending on the jurisdiction, there are different types of laws that regulate different aspects of life. Some examples include criminal law, civil law, immigration law and nationality law.
Rights in Law
In a liberal legal system, rights are placed in the law as a way to guarantee that people’s basic interests are protected. For example, a person has the right to expect fair treatment and a proper compensation if they are hurt by another party.
Other rights in law include the right to be free from unfair treatment and the right to a fair trial. In addition, law creates a framework for individuals to resolve disputes through impartial tactics such as judges or juries.