Technology is an area of human activity that encompasses the creation and application of tools, equipment, machines, devices, and systems to achieve a desired result. It includes the study of the nature and behavior of such objects, as well as their modification and control. Technological processes often create unwanted byproducts and can deplete natural resources to the detriment of people and other living organisms. Moreover, technological applications may disrupt social hierarchies and raise new ethical questions.
The word technology derives from the Greek technologia, which means “articulation of a craft.” While some may consider it to be an extension of science, the two concepts are not completely synonymous. While the development of science is often guided by, and in some cases motivated by technological concerns, it is not always a direct 1:1 relationship between science and technology. Cheesemaking, for example, is an ancient technology whose genesis did not require the systematic pursuit of scientific truth.
In business, the use of technology helps reduce manual labor for employees and increase productivity. It also helps companies make quick decisions based on real time data and analytics. This can lead to a competitive advantage and help businesses grow and flourish.
Technology has a significant impact on education as it provides students with a treasure trove of unlimited information and allows them to solve their heightened curiosity on any topic or subject. They can easily access a wide variety of learning materials like research articles, educational videos, tutorials/guidebooks, online databases, and blogs of educators/authors. This enhances their knowledge base and makes them independent learners.